Онтологический подход к проблеме классификации компьютерных языков: состояние и перспективы

Ontology approach to classification of Computer Languages: current state and challenges

Article's language
During the semicentennial history of Computer Science and Information Technologies, several thousands of computer languages have been created. The computer language universe includes languages for different purposes (programming, specification, modeling, etc.). In each of these branches of computer languages it is possible to track several approaches (imperative, declarative, object-oriented, etc.), disciplines of processing (sequential, non-deterministic, distributed, etc.), and formalized models, such as Turing machines or logic inference machines. The listed arguments justify the importance of of an adequate classification for computer languages. Computer language paradigms are the basis for the classification of the computer languages. They are based on joint attributes which allow us to differentiate branches in the computer language universe. We present our computer-aided approach to the problem of computer language classification and paradigm identification. The basic idea consists in the development of a specialized knowledge portal for automatic search and updating, providing free access to information about computer languages. The primary aims of our project are the research of the ontology of computer languages and assistance in the search for appropriate languages for computer system designers and developers. The paper presents our vision of the classification problem, basic ideas of our approach to the problem, current state and challenges of the project, and design of query language.